(Sudan Trade point) - Okra is the most traditional popular vegetable in Sudan
, and is produced in the different parts of the country. Wild types of okra exist in the Sudan, some of these belong to the cultivated species A.esculentus and others belong to other species like A.ficulneus and A.manihot . Okra seems to be a crop' of a very long history in Sudan as it is evident from the presence of wild types and the wide range of observable variability within the cultivated types.
Okra and the leafy vegetables like Corchorus and Portulaca are very popular in the Sudan and are grown in all parts of the country. They sometimes occur as weeds of cultivation and grow as wild plants in warm areas during the rainy season. These crops can stand the hot climate and are available almost the whole year, except for the cooler months of December and January.
Okra is the most popular vegetable in Sudan. In combination with sorghum bread (ksra), it is the staple food of the Sudanese people. It is used in both the fresh and dry form. The wild type (sara) is usually used as a dry powder while the cultivated type is mainly used fresh. Efforts have started to utilize the great natural variability found in the rain-fed and irrigated types of okra in the country.
There is a growing appreciation of vegetables by urban consumers, partly because of increasing awareness of the nutritive value of these species.
The nutritive value of Okra crop grown in Sudan is:
Food energy (cal) = 52 , Moisture (g) =82.0 , Carbohydrates (g)=12.7 , Protein (g) =2.3 , Fat (g)=0.1 , Crude fibre (g)=1.6 , Ash (g)=1.3 , Calcium (g)=152 , Iron (g)=0.5 , Phosphorus (g) = 99 )
Okra is grown in all parts of the country
The production season
The main Okra production period is the summer and autumn.
The diversity in climate and natural resources of Sudan (land and water) allows for very broad prospects in garden production all year round, especially in winter. This distinction gives extra advantages in the production of vegetables and fruits in seasons where they are not grown in Europe. There is a big demand in foreign markets, especially in the Arab world and some European countries, for garden products. The foremost marketable products are mango, lemon, grapefruit and vegetables such as onion, eggplant, hot pepper, okra and cucumber.