(Khalda Elyas ) Children around the globe unquestionably are in need of protection and welfare. Sudanese children enjoy protection and special care by the National Child
Protection, a body in charge of protecting child rights in Sudan.
Sudan ratified most of international agreements and conventions regarding child rights, especially the UN conventions and the African Agreement on Child rights, etc..
Accordingly, concerned authorities have drafted necessary legislations in this connection in conformity with international laws.
Despite tremendous progress in child protection, efforts to ensure child welfare in Sudan are faced with mounting challenges due economic sanctions on the country.
In Sudan, the challenges children face are enormous, according to Save the Children, due to ongoing conflict, many children live under the threat of violence, as well as the possibility of exploitation and abuse. They also often face food and water shortages, inadequate or non-existent healthcare and little hope for an education. As a result, "Sudan has one of the highest infant mortality rates. Many children are now growing up in a world that has only known violence and fear," the organization says.
Save Children argues that the outbreak of conflict in Darfur has had its toll on infrastructure, basic services and food shortages, which culminated in increasing displacement and hindered efforts to provide protections and services for children.
Save the Children began working in Sudan in 1984, conducting programs for children and families affected by conflict, displacement, extreme poverty, hunger and a lack of basic services. Many of the children and families we served were among the most vulnerable and hardest to reach. Until the suspension of work in West Darfur, Save the Children was reaching displaced children and women in camps and surrounding conflict-affected communities every month — providing protection for the most vulnerable; conducting education, health and livelihood programs; and assisting in the coordination and management of four camps.
According to the organization hundreds are affected by El Nino, which led to shortages of pastures and livestock production in North Darfur for many years. The local inhabitants have become dependent on relief aid from international organizations, especially Save the Children. Statistics by the organization show that the elderly accounts for 8% of the population, while children constitutes 31% out of total persons relying food aid, particularly in conflict regions and areas hit by drought in the region.
According to a report by the organization for 2017, displaced persons in Sudan make up 2.3 million in conflict and as well as government controlled areas. Children constitute 60% of the victims of conflicts and vulnerable persons, which hampers progress in sustainable development goals.
Sudan is faced with a number of challenges to gender equality, child marriage and harms related to female genital mutilation, girls deprivation of education in the long run, all resulting in difference in work market between females and males.
Save the Children provided health and education services to hundreds of thousands of children and needy persons in Sudan in 2016 in addition to protection for children and elderly persons in conflict regions and during times of natural disasters. The organization noted that numerous numbers of Sudanese children are suffering malnutrition, adding that it has provided lifesaving services to the children in coordination with the government and support by donors.
According to Sudan census of 2010, children under five constitute 4.5 million out of total 30.5 million persons.
The organizations warns that lacking quality health services renders children being prone to preventable illnesses such as water-borne diseases, malaria, measles, etc…
Despite noting the growing rates of children out of school, Save the Children acknowledged a remarkable progress in the reduction of mortality among under-five children.