(Muawad Mustafa Rashid – Najat Ahmed) African intelligence chiefs and experts from across Africa are scheduled started a workshop in Khartoum yesterday.
The Committee of the Intelligence and Security Services of Africa (CISSA) workshop comes under the theme “The Phenomenon of Mercenary, Foreign Terrorist Fighters, Rogue NGOs, and their Impact on the Security and Stability in Africa.
Intelligence organs from 27 African countries will meet to address the many security threats to the continent, especially the spread of mercenaries.
The CISSA delegates will discuss the effects of the phenomena on the stability of the content.
The Khartoum meeting follows the recommendations of the 13th ordinary conference of CISSA in the Rwandan capital, Kigali, which also discussed the key security concerns on the entire continent.
Sudan will present a paper on mercenary operations and their impact, especially the Darfur movements fighting in Libya and South Sudan
It goes without saying that the mercenary phenomenon emerged in Africa in the sixtieth of last century and caused anarchy in several parts of the African continent i.e. Equatorial Guinea in 2004, Libya in 2011.
In recognition to the threats of the mercenaries on the independence and sovereignty of the African countries, the then Organization of African Unity (OAU) leaders signed and agreement on combating the mercenary in Africa on July 1977. Then the UN General Assembly endorsed in its 62nd round the decision 145/62 on using mercenaries as a tool to violate human rights and hindering the people from practicing their right in determining their fate.
On the foreign terrorist fighters some reports argue that most of the foreign terrorist fighters in the ISIS are holders of foreign passports which allow them enter the African countries without a need to an entry visa, while big numbers of the terrorist fighters in Libya and Syria are from African states, especially east, north and west Africa.
The intelligence services in some African states are monitoring the moves of the ISIS fighters towards the Sub-Saharan after their defeat in Iraq and Syria.
This means that the ISIS will try to cause anarchy in some parts of the African continent taking advantage of the weakness of monitoring in some parts which the ISIS will use for reassembling; and this is apparent from their announcement that they had established a branch in Burkina Faso.
The negative NGOs can become active partners for foreign intervention through planned projects to destabilize the country towards toppling the regime.
Some of the NGOs have become factors of conflicts and sources of fragmentation, while others engage in sabotaging the economy to implement some political agendas.
The workshop which will kick-off today will discuss and analyze the above phenomenon along with exchanging the information and experiences towards reaching practical constructive and reproducible recommendations.
As for the policy makers in the continent they can propose the necessary tools to overcome the challenges of mercenaries besides preparing the legal framework in controlling the private security and military companies.
Our African leaders could deal with the terrorist fighters besides providing CISSA with full support to enable it prepare a monitoring database to be exchanged among the member states.
It is high time to prepare a comprehensive legal and organizational framework nationally and regionally to confront the negative NGOs and setting strategies to contain its impacts.
We welcome African Intelligence Chiefs in Khartoum and wish them all the success in their noble mission.